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Immunization Program Characteristics

By State/Territory/City

AIM partners with the University of Michigan Child Health Evaluation and Research Unit to annually collect and report on major program characteristics of the 64 federally-funded state, territorial and urban area immunization programs. (50 states,and District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the Republic of Marshall Islands, Micronesia, the Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Chicago, Houston, New York City, Philadelphia and San Antonio)

The following program characteristics were collected from Immunization Program Managers in November 2010 - January 2011:

  • Childhood Vaccine Private Sector Financing / Supply Policy: Map or Table

Policy regarding the extent to which programs supply childhood vaccines to their private immunization providers (i.e., private practices that enroll as participating sites in VFC / state immunization programs).

Policy regarding the authorization of public or private immunization providers to provide vaccination services to underinsured children as a delegated authority of a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) or Rural Health Clinic (RHC). This authorization, which must be granted by FQHCs / RHCs in the project area, allows delegated providers to give VFC vaccine to qualified underinsured children.

  • Vaccine Brand Choice Policy: Map

Policy regarding public and private immunization providers' option to choose the brand of vaccines when ordering vaccines from the immunization program.

  • Immunization-related Insurance Mandates: Map

State/local laws regarding health insurance carriers' obligation to cover immunization services or contribute funding for immunizations. Note that the specific vaccines and age ranges covered by benefit mandates vary widely across states. In addition, insurance plans financed by employers themselves ("self-insured" plans) are exempt from such mandates under the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA).

  • First Dollar Insurance Coverage: Map

First dollar coverage indicates whether health insurance coverage for immunizations must be provided without deductibles and/or co-pays. Note that health insurance plans financed by employers themselves ("self-insured" plans) are exempt from such mandates under the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA).

The proportion of an immunization program's vaccine purchase budget that comes from non-federal funding sources. These sources include legislatively-appropriated general revenue funds, contributions from health insurers, Maternal and Child Health block grants, and funds from other state agencies; S-CHIP funds are not included.

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