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CHAPTER 1: Reach Teens via School - Related Efforts



Targeting teenagers to receive vaccinations and/or vaccination information in school provides an opportunity to reach a broad swath of teens from all walks of life. American teenagers spend nearly 33 hours on average each week in school or in extra-curricular school activities such as sports teams or student organizations1. Schools are an opportune place to reach the approximately 52 million children from all cultures, socioeconomic, and age groups who attend each day as well as being a familiar and trusted community environment2. Other benefits of targeting teens in schools are: schools may have the space and capacity to host a school-located vaccination clinic, and school nurses are trusted sources of health information for students and their families.

National guidance from the National Vaccine Plan3 calls for enhancing access to vaccinations in non-healthcare settings, such as schools. The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends school-located vaccination programs for increasing vaccination rates, and decreasing rates of vaccine-preventable disease and associated morbidity and mortality4.

Immunization Programs are involved in a wide range of efforts to reach teens in schools, such as making school coverage reports more accessible, targeting high school athletes, engaging with school-based health centers, and conducting school-located immunization clinics.



MINNESOTA: Updating vaccine language on high school sports physical form

The Minnesota Immunization Program worked with the Minnesota State High School League to update language related to vaccines on their standard pre-participation sports physical examination form.


ALABAMA: Helping schools fulfill state recordkeeping and reporting requirements

ADPH partnered with the Alabama State Department of Education (ALSDE) to give public schools the ability to print valid Certificates of Immunization for their students directly from the state IIS.

  RHODE ISLAND: Immunizing students in school-located clinics during school hours
The Rhode Island Immunization Program runs a program called “Vaccinate Before You Graduate” that offers all routinely recommended and required immunizations at no out-of-pocket cost to students in middle school and high school through onsite clinics at participating schools.

1 “Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), 2011-12.” National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, Accessed December 13, 2016. 
2 “School Located Vaccination Position Statement-January 2013.” National Association of School Nurses. tabid/462/ArticleId/487/School-located-Vaccination-Adopted-January-2013. Accessed December 13, 2016.
3 “The 2010 National Vaccine Plan.” Department of Health & Human Services, sites/default/files/nvpo/vacc_plan/2010-Plan/nationalvaccineplan.pdf. Accessed December 13, 2016.
4 “Vaccination Programs: Schools and Organized Child Care Centers.” The Community Guide, January 2009. Accessed December 13, 2016.  


Adolescent Guide: Chapter 1 Resources

Item Name Posted By Date Posted
AIM Data: How IP Support Target Teens in School PNG (937.71 KB) Administration 9/7/2017
NACCHO & ASTHO discussion & recommendations  Link  more ] Administration 2/3/2017
Voices of Meningitis links specifically for nurse Link Administration 2/3/2017
CDC ‘What Can Partners Bring to the Table’ graphic Link Administration 2/3/2017
CDC info for school administrators and nurses Link Administration 2/6/2017
CDC webpage on flu information Link Administration 2/3/2017
American School Health Association resource  Link  more ] Administration 2/3/2017
National Association of School Nurses toolkit  Link  more ] Administration 2/6/2017
National Association of School Nurses resources Link  more ] Administration 2/3/2017
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